Peace and Pacifism

#

1970s Counter Culture Newspapers Collection, 1970-1973 (S1136)
0.25 cubic foot

 Finding Aid

This collection contains student counter-culture newspapers published in St. Louis during the Vietnam War and the presidency of Richard M. Nixon.

Counties

A

Donna Allen Papers, 1920-1992 (C3795)
18.6 cubic feet, 18 audio cassettes, 1 audio disc

 Finding Aid

Papers of director of Women's Institute for Freedom of the Press and editor of Media Report to Women. Includes professional correspondence and printed materials on sex and race discrimination cases, media stereotypes, public broadcasting, women's news, national and international women's conferences, and women in management. Also documents Allen's involvement in labor, civil rights, and anti-war activism.

B

George C. Beckwith Letter, 1843 (C1453)
0.02 cubic feet (1 folder)

 Finding Aid

Beckwith, corresponding secretary of American Peace Society, sent Governor Reynolds a form letter about an 1842 London Peace Convention urging the abolishment of war and encouraging the principle of arbitration. Letter was sent to all state governors.

Leon Milton Birkhead Papers, 1893-1980 (K0280)
5 c.f.

 Finding Aid

Papers of Birkhead, popular, progressive figure in religious and civic affairs documenting his professional and public career. Birkhead was pastor of All Souls Unitarian Church in Kansas City from 1917 until 1939 when he resigned to begin the Friends of Democracy, an "anti-propaganda" organization.

Counties

Louise Marie Bliss Papers, 1894-1971 (S0008)
2 cubic feet, 7 folders, 33 diaries

 Finding Aid

The papers of Louis Marie Bliss contain diaries, correspondence, and manuscripts regarding her life as an author and pacifist. Bliss was a member of the Fellowship for Reconciliation and worked for the Civil Liberties Committee. The materials in this collection date from 1894 to 1971.

Counties

David T. Burbank Papers, 1912-1987 (S0469)
3 cubic feet, 104 folders

 Finding Aid

The papers of David T. Burbank contain correspondence and research materials for his book, "Reign of the Rabble," an account of the St. Louis general strike in 1877. The collection also includes Burbank's personal papers as well as newsletters and literature he collected from regional labor and socialist organizations.

Counties

Business Executives Move for Vietnam Peace Records, 1966-1974 (S0441)
3 cubic feet, 139 folders, 8 photographs

 Finding Aid

St. Loius-area Businessmen opposed to the Vietnam War founded the St. Louis chapter of Business Executives Move for Vietnam Peace in January 1968 to protest American involvment in Vietnam. The chapter lobbied Congress, organized conferences, letter writing campaigns, and speakers to protest American involvement in Vietnam. The collection includes correspondence with speakers and other peace groups, membership lists, memoranda, newsclippings, newsletters, petitions and speeches.

Counties

C

Camp Solidarity, Inc. Records, 1937-1978 (S0184)
4 rolls on microfilm

 Finding Aid

The collection contains minutes of general and board meetings, financial records, membership lists, correspondence, the Camp's newsletter (Solidarity Slants), and flyers. Complementary collections which include information on Camp Solidarity and its members are: Socialist Party of Missouri (S0090); Frei Gemeinde von St. Louis (S0037); Vorwaerts Workingmen's Singing Society (S0237); Robert Saunders' autobiography (S0087); Harry Von Romer (S0171); and the photograph collection.

Counties

Citizens for Global Solutions of Greater St. Louis Records, 1947-2012 (S0041)
3 cubic feet, 1 photograph

 Finding Aid

The records of Citizens for GLOBAL Solutions of Greater St. Louis contain newsletters, correspondence, membership rosters, speeches, reports, bylaws, meeting minutes, and financial materials pertaining to the group's mission to lobby for world peace in a world community where enforceable law replaced armed conflict. The group was founded in 1947 as the World Federalists Association of Greater St. Louis.

Counties

Clergy and Laity Concerned (CALC), St. Louis Branch Records, 1966-1990 (S0691)
1 cubic foot, 28 folders, 21 negatives

 Finding Aid

This collection contains newsletters, press releases, leaflets, and correspondence documenting Clergy and Laity Concerned's civil disobedience actions against General Dynamics and McDonnell Douglas. Also included in this collection is one folder on the ordination of women.

Counties

D

Margaret and Irvin Dagen "History of St. Louis CORE" Collection, 1941-2000 (S0661)
1 cubic foot, 35 folders, 18 cassettes, 9 photographs

 Finding Aid

This collection was compiled for a book entitled "Victory without Violence: the First Ten Years of the St. Louis Committee of Racial Equality (CORE), 1947-1957" by Mary Kimbrough and Margaret Dagen, published by University of Missouri Press in 2000. Includes in the collection is correspondence, oral history tapes, transcripts, and photographs pertaining to CORE's history, political activities, and service to the community. The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), whose St. Louis chapter was established in 1947, is a pacifist civil rights activist group whose mission is to bring about equality for all people.

Counties

Joe Dunn Collection, 1942-1955 (C1200)
0.4 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

Records of Friends Committee on National Legislation and National Council Against Conscription which fought against universal military training and drafting teenagers. Includes pamphlets, memos, newsletters, and resolutions and statements by various organizations against conscription.

E

Rory Vincent Ellinger Collection, 1951-1973 (C3555)
3.4 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

Papers of a student activist at the University of Missouri-Columbia, 1966-1972, who served as president of the Columbia branch of Students for a Democratic Society and was active in the New Democratic Coalition and numerous other organizations.

SDS papers and SDS NEW LEFT NOTES are included.

G

Greater Kansas City Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy Records, 1958 (K1030)
0.01 c.f.

Organizational records including minutes, agendas, notes concerning the formation of the committee, correspondence, letters to the editors of newspapers, press releases, and other related materials.

Counties

Lena G. Greenlaw Papers, 1950-1977 (C3600)
0.8 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

Papers of a journalism librarian at the University of Missouri-Columbia and active worker in the peace movement. Magazines, tracts, financial and activity records of world, national and local (Columbia, MO) organizations are included.

Counties

H

Mark Haim Collection, 1976-1989, 2010 (CA5796)
8 cubic feet, 1 CD, 27 oversize items

 Finding Aid

Papers of a Missouri environmental and political activist include correspondence, financial and membership records, promotional material, newspaper clippings, background and research material, and other records of Missourians For Safe Energy. Citizens for a Radioactive Waste Policy, Missouri Energy Action and other similar state organizations. Also included is an oral history interview with Mark Haim conducted by the State Historical Society of Missouri in 2010.

Kent Hosmer Collection, 1980s (CA5815)
5 cubic feet

Newsletters, meeting material, promotional and educational material and other organizational records of the US Committee In Solidarity With The People of El Salvador (CISPES), and similar records, including Spanish language material, related to revolutionary movements in central America.

I

Institute for Peace and Justice Records, 1970-1979 (S0344)
2 cubic feet, 63 folders

 Finding Aid

The Institute for Peace and Justice records (1970-1979), document the operation of the Institute from its inception and contain material on the development of peace education courses, workshops, and seminars, including some reference material. The records also include literature and correspondence with affiliated peace groups and a small subjects file. The collection consists of correspondence, staff notes, board and staff meeting minutes, curricula syllabi, evaluations and progress reports, memoranda, textual teaching aids, literature, and some reference material.

Counties

K

Kansas City Interfaith Peace Alliance Records, 1981-2004 (K0552)
11 c.f.

 Finding Aid

Correspondence, publications, membership information, financial records, event information, photographs, audio recordings, and educational materials for an organization devoted to interfaith cooperation and peace.

Counties

Kansas City Youth Political Collective Records, 1987-1988 (K0304)
0.5 c.f.

 Finding Aid

Correspondence, notes, printed material, clippings, and reports about the Collective, a politically left-leaning organization at Penn Valley Community College.

Counties

L

Labor for Peace Conference Records, 1972-1973 (S0426)
0.01 cubic foot, 5 folders

 Finding Aid

Labor for Peace was a voluntary organization of trade union leaders who joined together in 1972 to bring an end to the war in Vietnam. 985 delegates from 32 states and the District of Columbia attended the founding conference in St. Louis, Missouri, on June 23-24, 1972. The delegates represented 35 international unions and issued a statement of policy that outlined their perspective of the effects of the war on America. They demanded immediate withdrawal from Vietnam and a peace-oriented economy. The records include correspondence, memos, reports, a policy statement, and newspaper clippings.

Counties

Rose Wilder Lane Letter, 1939 (C2972)
0.02 cubic feet (1 folder)

 Finding Aid

A letter from Lane to a Mrs. Wilson discussing efforts to keep the United States out of World War II and repeal the embargo of goods to England and the other belligerent countries.

Theodore F. Lentz Papers, 1926-1983 (S0435)
11 cubic feet, 565 folders, 32 microfilm rolls, 2 audio tapes

 Finding Aid

Known as the father of peace research, Lentz began his career as an educational psychologist at Washington University in 1924. He resigned from full-time teaching in 1948 and devoted the rest of his life to scientific peace research. His 1955 Towards a Science of Peace led to further research and the establishment of peace research centers around the world. The papers includes material from the Character Research Association and Peace Research Laboratory.

Counties

M

Mary Jo Herde Photograph Collection, 1949-1970 (P0223)
21 photographs

Original photos of the "Early Freak Movement in Columbia" and Vietnam War protests.

Counties

Mary Ann McGivern Papers, 1971-2003 (S0685)
4 cubic feet, 51 folders, 28 photographs, 1 videotape, 6 audiotapes

 Finding Aid

The Mary Ann McGivern Papers includes correspondence, personal calendars, newspaper clippings, lesson plans, newsletters, and photographs chronicling McGivern's career from 1971-2001 as a peace activist. McGivern was active in the Midwest Coalition for Responsible Investment and founded the St. Louis Economic Conversion Project, an organization that focused on redirecting arms resources toward peaceful uses.

Counties

Mid-Missouri Alternatives to Violence Project (Columbia, Mo.) Records, 1989-2009 (CA6234)
4 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

Records of the Columbia, Missouri, branch of the anti-violence organization. Includes workshop materials, grant files, newsletters, financial records, and administrative files.

Counties

Missouri Peace Society Papers, 1912-1919 (C1805)
0.02 cubic feet (1 folder)

 Finding Aid

The papers of the Missouri Peace Society contain a bank pass book and three vouchers for the Missouri Peace Society.

Missouri Peace Studies Institute Records, 1965-1979 (C3694)
6.8 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

Papers of a Columbia-based organization established in 1968 to discover ways to implement peace, to promote and encourage peace research and education, and to work with other peace organizations. Included are records of the group and its subject files. The institute disbanded in 1978.

Counties

Frances Pearle Mitchell Papers, 1858-1919 (C1703)
0.3 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

The papers of a Rocheport, Missouri woman consist of appointments, certificates, correspondence, invitations, programs, and dance cards. Mitchell, a graduate of Stephens College, was involved in many civic and women's organizations, including the Missouri Women Farmers' Club.

Counties

N

Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign Records, 1980-1988 (S0454)
46.5 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

The Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign Records document the anti-nuclear movement that spread throughout the United States during the 1970s and 1980s as a result of the hostile relations between the United States and Russia. This collection includes correspondence, meeting minutes, publications, proposals, financial reports, and news clippings related to Freeze’s efforts in spreading a message of peace and a bilateral cessation of nuclear weapons manufacturing. Much of this collection is also focused on Freeze’s political involvement and their moves to elect representatives and a president in office that supported their cause. 

P

Peace Action Committee of Missouri Collection, 1939-1940 (S0172)
0.01 cubic foot, 1 folder

 Finding Aid

The collection contains newsletters, pamphlets, letters, bulletins, and circulars pertaining to the Peace Action Committee of Missouri’s efforts to lobby the United States government against participating in foreign wars. The group supported political candidates in Missouri and urged Congress to pass the Ludlow War Referendum Amendment in the late 1930s.

Counties

Physicians for Social Responsibility Records, 1977-1993 (S0660)
7 cubic feet, 211 folders, 9 cassette tapes

 Finding Aid

Physicians for Social Responsibility is a national non-profit organization of doctors and concerned citizens committed to public education on the medical dangers of nuclear weapons and nuclear war. The organizers created symposia to present lectures on nuclear hazards that included noted authorities such as Robert Jay Lifton, Helen Caldicott, and H. Jack Geiger, as well as such media figures as Carl Sagan and Benjamin Spock. The records include resource kits, newsletters, subject files, and cassette tapes.

Counties

Political Issues of the Seventies Collection, 1973-1978 (S0137)
0.15 cubic feet, 7 folders

 Finding Aid

This collection contains published and unpublished papers, newsletters, flyers, brochures, political circulars, and articles about various issues that occurred during the 1970s, including racism, highways, taxes, and foreign relations. Archivists collected the papers from the from US-China People's Friendship Association; National Committee to Support the Marion Brothers; Free J.B. Johnson Committee; Socialist Workers Party; the New American Movement; the West End Militant Forum; the 1976 St. Louis school tax increase, and the Alliance Against Racism.

Counties

Paul William Preisler Papers, 1902-1971 (S0235)
22 cubic feet, 322 folders, 597 photographs

 Finding Aid

The papers of Paul William Preisler, a St. Louis area biochemist, union organizer, lawyer, and photographer, contain correspondence, petitions, suits, newspaper clippings, and photographs. Subjects of interest include civil liberties, legislative redistricting, and the Socialist Party of St. Louis.

Counties

Paul William Preisler Photograph Collection, 1933-1966 (S0548)
0.4 cubic foot, 504 photographs

 Finding Aid

The Paul William Preisler Photograph Collection chronicle socialist and communist political activities in St. Louis from the 1930s to the 1950s. Subjects of interest include strikes, demonstrations, and the St. Louis Hooverville.

Counties

S

Robert S. Saunders Papers, 1893-1973 (S0087)
0.02 cubic feet, 11 folders

 Finding Aid

The papers of Robert S. Saunders contain his autobiography, written in six notebooks, chronicling his life as a migratory laborer and union organizer during the 1930s and 40s. The autobiography contains narratives of living conditions in hobo camps, and Saunders's efforts to recruit members for the Socialist Party in the Midwest.

Counties

Dorothy Schneider Papers, 1921-1995 (S0982)
43 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

The Dorothy Schneider Papers contain correspondence, diaries, photographs, scrapbooks, and a dissertation pertaining to Schneider's experiences volunteering with the American Red Cross during World War II in the Pacific Theater, as well as her peace activism with the United Nations Day World Holiday.

John C. Schuder Papers, 1964-1975 (C3915)
0.8 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

Papers of John C. Schuder, an officer of the Columbia, MO, Chapter of the Fellowship of Reconciliation and member of the Anti-War Moratorium Committee. The Schuder Papers consist of correspondence, speeches, newspaper clippings, photographs, and miscellaneous material.

Counties

John C. Schuder Papers, 1969-2002 (CA6342)
3 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

Addition of papers of an officer of the Columbia, Missouri, Chapter of the Fellowship of Reconciliation and member of the Anti-War Moratorium Committee. The papers consist of correspondence, speeches, newspaper clippings, and miscellaneous material.

Counties

Ben Senturia Papers, 1969-1987 (S0745)
29 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

Ben Senturia has been long active in environmental, antiwar, and political reform efforts. A graduate of Washington University in 1966, Senturia served as a research assistant for Barry Commoner, an early and ardent environmentalist, from 1966 through 1968. Senturia became a predoctoral fellow in the Environmental Field Program at Washington University at this time. Thereafter, he worked as an organizer and campaign consultant for a variety of public interest, nonprofit organizations, chief among them were the St. Louis Coalition for the Environment and the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign. Throughout this time and beyond, Senturia frequently acted as a consultant to numerous nonprofit organizations, assisting them in organizing and directing political or fund-raising campaigns as part of a private business, the Center for Active Citizenship, organized in 1989. The papers contain correspondence, essays, photographs, legislative materials, and reports.

Counties

St. Louis Committee for a Nuclear Weapons Freeze Records, 1982-1990 (S1039)
16 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

This collection contains meeting minutes, press releases, correspondence, and manuals pertaining to the St. Louis branch of the Nuclear Weapons Freeze Campaign.

Counties

St. Louis Economic Conversion Project Records, 1971-1998 (S0969)
13 cubic feet

 Finding Aid

The records of the St. Louis Economic Conversation Project contain research files and meeting minutes pertaining to the group's mission to redirect arms resources toward peaceful uses.

Counties

St. Louis New Call to Peacemaking Records, 1978-1981 (S0148)
0.1 cubic foot

 Finding Aid

The records contain meetings minutes, agendas, correspondence, and membership lists of the St. Louis New Call to Peacemaking, a pacifist religious group affiliated with the New Call to Peacemaking coalition that was committed to opposing the United States militarism through tax resistance and providing draft registration counseling services to youth.

Counties

St. Louis Peace Information Center Records, 1963-1976 (S0136)
3.2 cubic feet, 173 folders

 Finding Aid

The records of the St. Louis Peace Information Center contain correspondence, meeting minutes, and peace literature written and published by St. Louis and national peace groups, pertaining to the Center’s mission to facilitate communication and cooperation among St. Louis-area anti-war groups, as well as to inform the public about peace, activism, conscription, and the Vietnam War. The Center also provided draft counseling to conscientious objectors opposed to the war in Vietnam. Subjects of interest include anti-Vietnam protests in the St. Louis area, war tax resistance, and laws and regulations regarding draft counseling. The bulk of the materials date from the Center’s founding in 1967 to its closing in 1974.

Counties

St. Louis Regional Fellowship of Reconciliation Records, 1935-1967 (S0082)
23 folders, 0.04 cubic foot

 Finding Aid

The records of the St. Louis Regional Fellowship of Reconciliation Records contain correspondence, meeting minutes, newsletters, and reports documenting the chapter's commitment to the philosophy and program of religious pacifism. Topics of interest include conscientious objectors during World War II and the Korean conflict, the relocation of Japanese citizens, and disarmament.

Counties

St. Louis Vietnam Committee, American Friends Service Committee Records, 1966-1971 (S0164)
0.2 cubic foot, 7 folders

 Finding Aid

The American Friends Service Committee was a Society of Friends (Quaker) peace organization. In 1966, the St. Louis chapter set up a local project, the St. Louis Vietnam Committee, to oppose the Vietnam War, especially through public education with guest speakers, political ads, films, and seminars. The collection contains correspondence, meeting minutes, anti-war literature, and information about public speakers.

Counties

U

United Nations Association of St. Louis Records, 1945-1999 (S0446)
29 cubic feet, 116 photographs, 2 audio tapes

 Finding Aid

The records of the United Nations Association of St. Louis contain correspondence, publications, minutes, newsletters, and programs pertaining to the group's mission to increase understanding of world problems and the United Nations' effectiveness in dealing with them. Correspondents include Edna Gellhorn, James S. McDonnell, Jr., and Eleanor Roosevelt.

Counties

W

Susan Warren Papers, 1943-1989 (K0508)
5.2 c.f.

 Finding Aid

Personal correspondence, research materials, lecture notes, photographs, audiotapes, travel materials, ephemera and journals containing Warren's observations of China during her work as an editor and writer and her travels to China.

Carla Weitzel Papers, 1970-1999 (C2154)
1.8 cubic feet, 6 audio cassettes

 Finding Aid

The papers of Carla Weitzel, a sociology graduate student at the University of Missouri-Columbia, consist of newspaper clippings, magazine articles, correspondence, posters, pamphlets, photographs, and miscellaneous materials. The materials document civil rights issues, particularly the anti-apartheid and divestment movement that occurred on the University of Missouri-Columbia campus during the mid-1980s.

Counties

Western Historical Manuscript Collection, St. Louis, Vertical File Collection, 1968-2004 (S0694)
6.8 cubic feet, 509 folders

 Finding Aid

The Western Historical Manuscript Collection's Vertical File was begun in 1968 as part of the WHMC collecting mission under the direction of Irene Cortinovis and Ina Watson. The collection documents a variety of subjects relating to St. Louis' history. It contains single files with a small amount of general information on a variety of topics, including African Americans, Anheuser-Busch, John Danforth, the Congress of Racial Equality, and the Shaw Neighborhood.

Counties